High-Fat Mediterranean Diet Does Not Promote Weight Gain

The Mediterranean diet is high in fish, fresh fruits and vegetables, lean meats, olive oil and other mono and polyunsaturated fats and whole grains. The diet is high in fat from foods such as nuts and olive oil, but it does not promote weight gain— according to a five-year study by Spanish researchers. They studied more than 7,000 men and women between ages 55 and 80. This diet reduces LDL cholesterol (“bad” form) and maintains blood sugar levels on an even keel. The diet does not affect insulin resistance, but maintains daylong insulin and blood sugar concentrations at lower levels for extended durations. We have good evidence that the Mediterranean diet promotes metabolic health, prevents obesity and may increase longevity. The researchers concluded that people should consume more fruits, nuts, vegetables, beans, fish, healthy vegetable oils and whole grains, and eat less processed food. (Lancet Diabetes Endocrinology, published online June 6, 2016)

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