Reduced-Carbohydrate Diet Decreases Fat and Improves Blood Sugar Control

Reducing carbohydrate intake from 55 percent of calories to 43 percent triggered decreases in bodyweight, abdominal fat deposition and insulin resistance in middle-aged, overweight adults— according to a study by Barbara Gower and Amy Goss from the University of Alabama at Birmingham. Fat loss from the lower-carbohydrate diets was greater in African-Americans than in European-Americans. Protein intake was equal for both diets. The lower-carb group also showed lower levels of resting blood sugar. Reducing carbohydrate intake only slightly has a positive effect on body composition and blood sugar regulation. (Journal Nutrition, 145: 1707s-183s, 2015)

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